The Inconvenient Skeptic
There are so many ways that politicians lie. The latest one is so blatant that once again I feel the need to write an article showing the real numbers behind the lies. This time, it is President Obama that is going to seek a new alternative minimum tax rate to make sure that millionaires pay a tax rate that is higher than the tax rate that the middle-class pays. The initial problem is that it is a tremendous lie that people making an income greater than $1 million dollars do not pay a higher tax rate than the middle class.
Now to prove it. I will start by using the latest tax data from the IRS. Since 2009 is the latest data available, that is what I will use to prove that President Obama and his friend Warren Buffett are in fact lying about the tax rates. This is so easy to disprove, that it is a waste of time to bother throwing the lie out there, but is seems that they will do it anyway. This is not to say that there are not some millionaires that do manage to avoid taxes, but on average, people making more than $1 million pay a much higher rate of taxes.
I will start by showing the numbers of just how many people we are talking about. The number of people making more than $1 million is tiny.
As I will show shortly, it doesn’t even depend on what you define as middle-class for this article. The numbers are so overwhelming that once a person or family makes more than $100,000 per year, the tax rate goes up dramatically. It is also important to note that the number of people that make more than $1 million a year is vanishingly small. In 2009, only 228,609 people in the United States made more than $1 million dollars. That is 0.163% of the population. This is one reason why he might feel it is safe to single them out.
Now it is easy enough to compare the the total taxes paid and the percentage of income paid as federal income taxes.
What is obvious from the numbers is that once a person/family exceeds $200,000 in income, the percentage of that income that goes to taxes doubles. People that earn less than $100k, paid 8.5% of their income to federal taxes. People that earned more than $200k, paid 19.6% of their income in taxes. Every group that earned over $500k paid at least 22.6% of their income in taxes. That is about double the percentage of even the group that earned between $100-200k.
If I combine all the different ranges of AGI (Adjusted Gross Income) to show a more compressed form, it is also very clear that those that make more than $200k already pay a much higher percentage of their income in Federal Income Tax. Do not forget that most states also tax them at a higher rate so they get hit twice with a higher rate of taxes.
Middle-class and below already pay a much lower rate of taxes.
So what exactly is Obama talking about when he says he is going to make the rich pay their fair share and make sure that millionaires are going to pay the same percentage as the middle class? That is a fascinating question, because on average, the people making more than $200k already pay double the percentage of their income and they are still being targeted for more money.
There is one strange group that shows up in the numbers and that is those that have an AGI of less than $0. This is where it gets interesting. There are ~2.5 million filings that have an AGI in that range and their average AGI is -$79,206. So these people are losing money, but they still pay an average federal tax bill of $22,350. I was baffled by a group of millions of people that pay a tax equivalent to an income of ~$150k, but end up losing money each year.
So I spoke to a CPA to figure it out. There is a very limited number of ways to get into that situation and both of them involve owning a business with the most common one being farmers. According to the EPA there are currently 2.1 million farms in the USA. That is a very good fit for the number of filings that meet the criteria of negative AGI, but still need to pay taxes. I will have to assume that most farmers (95%) have a negative AGI. If there is one business model that should have a negative AGI, it is farmers. With that assumption farmers account for 80% of the filings that have a negative AGI. While farms can bring in a vast amount of money, they also have significant expenses and risks associated. Just ask any farmer in Texas right now.
That leaves about 20% of the negative AGI folk, or about 500,000 families. That is a relatively small percentage of non-farm businesses and I would expect that non-farm businesses that have a negative AGI don’t last very long. So failing businesses probably make up a good chunk of that portion. Here is a Businessweek article on failing small businesses.
Looking at the data shows that whatever President Obama is trying to accomplish, the majority of it is a lie. The millionaires that he is targeting, already pay a significantly higher percentage of their income than the middle-class. The only group that might not be paying a higher percentage than the middle-class is farmers. If he proposes a income only based alternative minimum tax on millionaires, then the main group that he will be hitting is farmers. President Obama fully appears to be going after the farmers to get them to pay an extra $1.5 Trillion in taxes over the next 10 years.